ParaGard is a non-hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) that is made of plastic and copper. It is a long-acting reversible contraception that can last for up to 10 years. Because it is non-hormonal, it does not release any hormones into your body. Many women like this method because it is long-lasting, effective, and has very few side effects. However, there are some ParaGard removal side effects that you should be aware of before deciding if this is the right contraception for you.
ParaGard Removal Side Effects
The most common ParaGard removal side effect is cramping. This is because the IUD is inserted through the cervix into the uterus and the body needs to expel it. The expulsion process can cause cramping, bleeding, and/or spotting. In some cases, the IUD may come out on its own but more often than not, it will need to be removed by a doctor or nurse.
Another common side effect is an infection. Infections are more likely to occur if the IUD is inserted during your period or if you have an STI. The risk of infection increases if you have multiple sexual partners or if you or your partner do not use condoms during sex. If you experience any fever, chills, or unusual vaginal discharge, seek medical attention immediately as this could be signs of an infection.
Finally, some women experience irregular periods after having a ParaGard IUD removed. This is because the IUD can prevent ovulation and interfere with the production of eggs. Once the IUD is removed, your body will go back to its normal hormone levels and ovulation should resume within a few months. If your periods do not return to normal after 6 months, consult with your doctor.
ParaGard removal side effects are usually mild and temporary. The most common side effects are cramping and irregular periods. In rare cases, an infection may occur. If you experience any severe side effects or symptoms of an infection, seek medical attention immediately.