Steps and Tips to Write the Best Methodology in Dissertation


The throat squeezes shut and the stomach churns of a student when they are assigned a dissertation. The nerves get on fire when they are about to write the methodology in the thesis as it is considered one of the trickiest components.

The methodology ideally appears after the literature review in your dissertation. Crafting a methodology is not as easy as a walk in the park, but rather it requires the right amount of effort and a hard grind.

Why is a method part crucial?

This part opens up a chance to showcase how you conducted your research and the reasons why you chose the methods. You can represent here how deeply researched your piece of writing is.

Steps and Tricks to Write Methodology

This type of writing deals with the discussion and explanation of the data you collected and the analysis methods that were used in your research. Let’s explore how you can achieve this.

  1. Introduce your Approach

Start by introducing your overall approach to your investigation. You are open to two options here.

  • First Option: Begin with “Why”

The first option that you can go for is to begin your discussion with why by using assumptions, such as

Why is this the most suitable answer for the question in your investigation?

What is the basis of validity and authenticity in your analysis?

  • Second Option: Begin with “What”

The second option for introducing your approach is, to begin with, questions that contain “what”.

What research problem are you looking into?

What kind of data that you require to achieve this aim?

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  1. Elaborate on How you Collect Data

After you have introduced your approach, don’t forget to elaborate on all the information related to how you collect the data.

  • Quantitative method

Share your quantitative research methods in detail to make it easier for another student to replicate your study.

Mention your way of measuring variables and the way you collected samples as well as any tools, procedures, and materials used to gather information.


If any survey is taking place then describe where, when, and how.

  • What kind of queries did you ask?
  • How did you design those questions?
  • Was the survey conducted virtually or in person?
  • Which sampling method was used to choose the participants?
  • What was the response rate?


Besides surveys, give an account of all the tools, techniques, and procedures you use for your experimentation.

  • Starting with the same query as asked in the survey, what was your design regarding the experiment?
  • What sorts of tools did you go for?
  • What is the way to measure the variables?
  • How were the participants recruited?

Existing Statistics

You must have also used the existing statistics, so explain how you gathered that material in your analysis.

  • Qualitative Method

We elaborated on the quantitative and now moving on to the second type, qualitative research. It is more flexible and subjective than the previous one.

Make sure that you are mentioning the criteria you choose your facts and the context in which your investigation was laid. Were you an active participant or a passive observer while assembling the statistics?


Interviewing is the segment of qualitative type, so elaborate where, when, and how you conducted the interviews.

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Observation of Participants

Not just describe the interviews, but also update about where, when, and how participants conducted the observation.

  • Which community or group did you choose to observe?
  • How much time did you invest in inspecting?
  • Explain the way you got access to this community.
  • What is your role in this group?
  • What was the way to record the information? Did you take notes or record audio?


Existing Evidence

Using previously existing shreds of evidence is also crucial in qualitative type. Answer in your method part:

  • What sorts of substances did you examine?
  • What was your way to select them?
  • Mixed Method

By its name, we can assume that it is a combination of the above two types. If either just quantitative or qualitative technique isn’t enough, then opt for the mixed procedure as it may be a good fit for your study project.

Keep in mind that mixed technique nowhere means just gathering both kinds of data. Instead, it deals with vigilantly considering and integrating both sorts of material into vigorous conclusions.

As the execution of mixed technique requires a lot of endeavor to pull off successfully, therefore it is rarely used.

  1. Indicate Your Analysis Technique

Once you have opened up about how you accumulated the information then indicate your analysis technique. Prevent yourself from being detail-oriented here. Keep this in mind, there is no need to introduce your result at this stage.

  • Quantitative Analysis

By the name of this type, it can be assumed that numbers would be the main focus.

  • Elaborate on the technique for the preparation of statistics.
  • Reveal the software and which statistical tests were taken.
  • Qualitative Analysis

This type deals with the language, images, and observations your analysis is based upon. It has further three types: Content, thematic, and discourse.

  • Mixed Analysis

In mixed type, one has to wisely integrate both qualitative as well as quantitative approaches.

  1. Evaluate and Justify the Choices you made

Lastly, your methodology section must be clear about the case and why you chose certain techniques for the execution. It should have a solid evaluation and justification of the approach toward the topic.

Also, talk about why other techniques didn’t go for your objective. Don’t forget to show how this approach opens the door to new knowledge.


The method part is a prominent section of any thesis. It demonstrates your capability to synthesize all the knowledge you have acquired in your scope. It also represents your ability to draw something new from the existing information.

These were the steps to craft a good methodology for the dissertation. Follow each of the above tactics to build the most method segment.

About the author

Robert Lenz

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