The following remedy specializes in Colombian records from the time of the European agreement. For events within the local context, see History of Latin America.
Even earlier than the Spanish conquest, the western mountainous part of Colombia attracted most people of the populace. More superior indigenous cultures were found in this location, and the most favorable vicinity for the improvement of civilization was the excessive plateau in the Cordillera Oriental of the Colombian Andes. The contemporary capital metropolis of Bogotá is located close to the plateau’s southern terminus, which extends northwards from the drainage of the Caesar River to the mountains that divide it. There the Spanish determined a prime concentration of Chibchan-speaking humans. At the time of the Spanish conquest, Chibcha changed within the system of consolidation via war and had now not done company unions and political establishments.
The Chibcha, Sub-Andean, and Colombian cultures had plenty not unusual from other cultures, besides the invading Carib people within the deep mountain valleys. All have been characterized by using extensive agriculture, pretty dense populations dwelling in villages, prepared faith, magnificence divisions, and matrilineal heritage of political and spiritual places of work. The sub-Andean culture in the Cordillera Central and the narrower part of the Caca Valley normally lacked massive villages because the terrain turned unsuitable for them. The more advanced Chibcha fought for political ends, the use of large forces armed with darts and dart throwers.
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Geographical and climatic situations restricted the improvement of the Chibcha and other cultures in Colombia. The Chibcha were approximately a 3rd of the overall indigenous population at the time of the conquest. None of the big domesticated animals and their wild-related species observed in the Central Andes had been present in Colombia. Chibcha had been a craftsman whose work indicates software and hobby in the expression of ideas.
The European discovery of the Colombian shoreline turned into finished through Rodrigo de Bastidas, who sailed the Caribbean coast from the Cape of La Vela to Point Manzanilla in Panama in 1500–01, and by way of Francisco Pizarro, who crossed the Pacific coast in 1525. The actual conquest of Colombia commenced in 1525 when Bastidas founded Santa Marta on the north coast. In 1533 Pedro de Heredia-based Cartagena, became one of the primary naval and trading maritime bases of the Spanish Empire. Bogotá become based via Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada in 1538. By the end of 1539, all of the main inland colonial towns have been set up, as well as the most important verbal exchange centers along the routes connecting them. By the mid-century the conquest was whole.
The establishment of the Audiencia (an administrative and judicial tribunal) of the Santafe de Bogotá in 1549 marked the start of colonial technology. The conquerors organized nearby governments according to the phrases in their contract with the crown. The Taj then hastily withdrew the extensive powers granted to the conquerors and shaped its establishments to rule the empire. The governments of Popayan, Antioquia, Cartagena, Santa Marta, Riohacha, the New Kingdom of Granada (Bogotá), and the Llanos of Casanare and San Martín had made the situation to a brand new audience. The president of the Audiencia became the govt head of government, in administrative topics subordinate to the Viceroy of Peru. However, tour difficulties impeded communication and centralized manipulation exams. The introduction of European sicknesses and the economic demands positioned on them led to a decline in the indigenous population of the vicinity.
As somewhere else inside the Spanish Empire, the declining fashion of the populace reversed simplest within the overdue seventeenth and early 18th centuries. Culture and intermarriage hastily destroyed maximum of the functional cultural traits of the closing indigenous peoples. Subordinate political jurisdictions advanced robust territorial traits because of segregation, which fostered excessive neighborhood loyalty and competition. The financial system became based on mining and agriculture, but by the center of the 18th century, a small however vital textile enterprise developed in Socorro, north of Bogota.
Slavery changed into added all through the Conquest and has become commonplace within the placer mining areas of Chocó and western Antioquia, and within the agricultural regions of the Cauca Valley, the lower Magdalena Valley, and the coastal lowlands. The tribals were handled like slaves; From the early sixteenth century they have been below the encomienda machine (requiring tribute in the form of gold or labor). By 1700 maximum of the encomiendas held privately were lower back to the crown, and have been hardly ever granted thereafter, however, the abuse of the indigenous populace continued.
During the generation of the Audience, from 1549 to 1740, the population was politically calm. The Roman Catholic Church performed an important position, providing most of the welfare offerings and running the maximum of the faculties. The church became a powerful tool of the crown, as the latter managed the maximum of its activities.